COLORECTAL CANCER: EPIDEMIOLOGY, ALGORITHM AND SCREENING RESULTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
Keywords:colorectal cancer, epidemiology, morbidity, mortality, screening, hemocult test, fecal occult blood test - FOBT, total colonoscopy
This scientific and analytical work reflects the morbidity and mortality rates from colorectal cancer in the context of the regional characteristics of our country. A detailed step-by-step algorithm for colorectal screening is presented and the principles of organization and diagnostic capabilities of this method for the active detection of polyps and colorectal cancer in clinically asymptomatic individuals are reflected. In addition, the results of the screening program used and its effectiveness were analyzed. It is shown that in order to achieve a productive result, information, maximum coverage of the population and strict adherence to the methodology of this type of screening are necessary.