The structure of speech acts and interactive units of business discourse


  • Ekaterine Arveladze PHD Student working as an English language Teacher at LEPL Kutaisi N31 Public School, Akaki Tsereteli State University, Georgia, Kutaisi, postal index 4600; Faculty of Humanities, Doctoral Program – Philology


Speech Acts, Illocution, Locution, Perlocution, Communicative Cooperation, Implicature, Conventional Implicature, Unconventional Implicature, Business Discourse, Classification of Speech Acts, Direct Speech Acts, Indirect Speech Acts


This article delves into the intricate realm of speech acts, exploring their origin, classification, and application in linguistics, with a focus on their dynamic nature. Rooted in the philosophy of language, speech act theory emerged alongside analytical philosophy, addressing fundamental questions about language. It emphasizes intentional actions through verbal expressions, serving as core units in communication. J.L. Austin's concept of performatives highlights sentences actively performing actions, transcending mere description. The theory delineates three stages: illocutions (speaker's intention), locution acts (expression stages), and perlocutions (impact on the addressee). J. Searle expands the classification, introducing assertives, directives, expressives, commissives, and declaratives. Structural differences lead to direct and indirect speech acts. Pragmatics further explores the effective selection of linguistic means, communicative cooperation principles, and the distinction between illocutionary and perlocutionary acts. G. Grice contributes implicature, distinguishing conventional and unconventional implicatures, highlighting the importance of mutual understanding and effective communication.



How to Cite

Ekaterine Arveladze. (2024). The structure of speech acts and interactive units of business discourse. World Scientific Reports, (5). Retrieved from



Philological Sciences